President Obama Pledges to Fight to Restore Key Provisions of Voting Rights Act

Taken directly from the Tri-State Defender because it’s too important not to share….

 

WASHINGTON – President Barack Obama has pledged that his administration will do “everything in its power” to repair the damage done by the United States Supreme Court on Tuesday when it struck down a key provision of the 1965 Voting Rights Act.

“I am deeply disappointed with the Supreme Court’s decision today,” he said in a statement.

“For nearly 50 years, the Voting Rights Act – enacted and repeatedly renewed by wide bipartisan majorities in Congress – has helped secure the right to vote for millions of Americans. (Tuesday’s) decision invalidating one of its core provisions upsets decades of well-established practices that help make sure voting is fair, especially in places where voting discrimination has been historically prevalent.”

The president continued, “As a nation, we’ve made a great deal of progress towards guaranteeing every American the right to vote. But, as the Supreme Court recognized, voting discrimination still exists. And while (Tuesday’s) decision is a setback, it doesn’t represent the end of our efforts to end voting discrimination. I am calling on Congress to pass legislation to ensure every American has equal access to the polls. My Administration will continue to do everything in its power to ensure a fair and equal voting process.”

A sharply divided Supreme Court upheld the legality of the 1965 Voting Rights Act, but said it can’t be enforced until Congress updates the way it determines which jurisdictions are covered under Section 5, the provision that requires preclearance by the Justice Department or a federal court before changes to local voting laws can be implemented.

The 5-4 decision by the conservative majority effectively guts the strongest section of the Voting Rights Act until Congress passes new legislation to meet the objections raised in the latest ruling, which grew out of a challenge filed by Shelby County, Ala.

“In 1965, the states could be divided into two groups: those with a recent history of voting tests and low voter registration and turnout, and those without those characteristics,” Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. wrote for the majority. “Congress based its coverage formula on that distinction. Today the nation is no longer divided along those lines, yet the Voting Rights Act continues to treat it as if it were.”

Joining Roberts in the majority were conservatives Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, Clarence Thomas and Samuel A. Alito Jr. Dissenting were the court’s four liberals: Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen G. Breyer, along with Obama appointees Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.

Thomas, just as he had in the University of Texas affirmative action decision handed down a day earlier, expressed the most extreme position on the court, saying he was willing to nullify the entire Voting Rights Act.

“I join the Court’s opinion in full but write separately to explain that I would find Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act unconstitutional as well. The Court’s opinion sets forth the reasons,” Thomas wrote.

Rep. John Lewis (D.-Ga.), who was savagely beaten on “Bloody Sunday” during the Selma to Montgomery March in Alabama in 1965, was livid after the ruling.

“Today, the Supreme Court stuck a dagger into the heart of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, one of the most effective pieces of legislation Congress has passed in the last 50 years,” he said. “These men never stood in unmovable lines. They were never denied the right to participate in the democratic process. They were never beaten, jailed, run off their farms or fired from their jobs. No one they knew died simply trying to register to vote. They are not the victims of gerrymandering or contemporary unjust schemes to maneuver them out of their constitutional rights.”

Lewis, one of the leaders of the Alabama march that led to passage of the landmark 1965 Voting Rights Act, questioned whether Congress has the will to pass legislation needed to repair the damage done by the Supreme Court.

The Voting Rights Act expired after five years, but was extended by Congress in 1970, 1975, 1982 and for another 25 years in 2006 with bipartisan support. The last time, it passed the House 390-3 and the Senate 98-0. President George W. Bush signed the last measure in a Rose Garden ceremony witnessed by members of the Congressional Black Caucus.

The case heard by the court began with a challenge from Shelby County, near Birmingham, Ala. Shelby County sued Attorney General Eric Holder after the Justice Department rejected a redistricting plan that evidently played a role in the defeat of Ernest Montgomery, the lone black member of the Calera, Ala. city council.

Montgomery was first elected to the city council from a district that was 71 percent Black. Two years later, the district was redrawn to reduce its black population to 23 percent. When Montgomery ran for reelection from the redrawn district in 2008, he was defeated by a white challenger.

The Justice Department invalidated the election because it had not been precleared and Shelby County sued in federal court, seeking a permanent restraining order. Two lower courts sided with the Justice Department before the Supreme Court agreed to hear the case.

Although Shelby County didn’t apply for it, Section 5 has a “bail out” provision that allows jurisdictions to avoid pre-clearance requirements if they can prove that they have not been discriminating for 10 years. When the case was heard, 46 jurisdictions had successfully opted out of pre-clearance with two cases pending.

Section 5 applied to jurisdictions that had a history of racial discrimination. States or political subdivision were placed under that provision of the Voting Rights Act if they restricted voting, had less than half of their eligible residents were registered to vote or less than half had actually voted in the 1964, 1968 or 1972 presidential election.

In his majority opinion, Roberts stated, “Shortly before enactment of the Voting Rights Act, only 19.4 percent of African-Americans of voting age were registered to vote in Alana, only 31.8 percent in Louisiana, and only 6.4 percent in Mississippi. Those figures were roughly 50 percentage points or more below the figures for whites.”

He said that has changed dramatically.

“There is no denying, however, that the conditions that originally justified these measures no longer characterize voting in the covered jurisdictions. By 2009, ‘the racial gap in voter registration and turnout [was] lower in the States originally covered by Section 5 than it was nationwide…African-American turnout has come to exceed white voter turnout in five of the six States originally covered by Section 5, with a gap in the sixth State of less than one half of one percent.”

In her dissent, Ginsburg said, “In the Court’s view, the very success of Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act demands its dormancy.”

She said, “True, conditions in the South have impressively improved since the passage of the Voting Rights Act. Congress noted this improvement and found that the VRA was the driving force behind it.”

She said more than 15,000 pages of congressional testimony presented countless “examples of flagrant discrimination” and “intentional racial discrimination in voting remains so serious and widespread in covered jurisdictions that section 5 preclearance is still needed.”

Among the examples she cited:

In 1995, Mississippi sought to reenact a dual voter registration system;

In 2003, after African-Americans won a majority of the seats on the school board for the first time, Charleston County, S.C. proposed switching to an at-large voting system;

In 1993, the city of Millen, Ga. proposed delaying the election of a majority-Black city council district by two years;

In 2004, Walker County, Texas threatened to prosecute two Black students after they announced their intention to run for office; and

In 1990, Dallas County, whose county seat is Selma, sought to purge its voter rolls of many Blacks.

Both Roberts and Ginsburg credit the Civil Rights Movement for passage of the Voting Rights Act.

“Alabama is home to Selma, site of the ‘Bloody Sunday’ beatings of civil rights-demonstrators that served as the catalyst for the VRA’s enactment,” Ginsburg wrote. “Following those events, Martin Luther King, Jr., led a march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama’s capital, where he called for passage of the VRA. If the Act passed, he foresaw, progress could be made even in Alabama, but there had to be a steadfast national commitment to see the task through to completion.”

In his majority opinion, Roberts made it clear that the Voting Rights Act has served its purpose.

“Coverage today is based on decades-old data and eradicated practices,” he wrote. “The formula captures States by reference to literacy tests and low voter registration and turnout in the 1960s and early 1970s. But such tests have been banned nationwide for over 40 years.”

At another point in his opinion, Roberts said, “But history did not end in 1965.”

In her dissent, Ginsburg quoted everyone from Shakespeare to philosopher George Santayana.

“The Court criticizes Congress for failing to recognize that ‘history did not end in 1965.’ But the Court ignores that ‘what’s past is prologue,” she said, quoting “The Tempest.” And ‘those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.'”

 

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30 Elite US Military Men Dead

Let’s take a moment and pray.  As I was posting about a book, I got this email.  I’m taking it directly from AP, so credit goes to the reporter on this.  However, please pray for the families of the men who were lost.  This is a reminder of how things can change in a blink of an eye.  Please don’t forget to tell the men and women you know in the service how much they are appreciated.

Here it is…

KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — Insurgents shot down a U.S. military helicopter during fighting in eastern Afghanistan, killing 30 Americans, most of them belonging to the same elite unit as the Navy SEALs who killed al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden, U.S. officials said Saturday. It was the deadliest single loss for American forces in the decade-old war against the Taliban.

The downing, in which seven Afghan commandos were also killed, was a stinging blow to the lauded, tight-knit SEAL Team 6, months after its crowning achievement. It was also a heavy setback for the U.S.-led coalition as it begins to draw down thousands of combat troops fighting what has become an increasingly costly and unpopular war.

None of the 22 SEAL personnel killed in the crash were part of the team that killed bin Laden in a May raid in Pakistan, but they belonged to the same unit. Their deployment in the raid in which the helicopter crashed would suggest that the target was a high-ranking insurgent figure.

Special operations forces, including the SEALs and others, have been at the forefront in the stepped up strategy of taking out key insurgent leaders in targeted raids, and they will be relied on even more as regular troops pull out.

The strike is also likely to boost the morale of the Taliban in a key province that controls a strategic approach to the capital Kabul. The Taliban claimed they downed the helicopter with a rocket while it was taking part in a raid on a house where insurgents were gathered in the province of Wardak overnight. Wreckage of the craft was strewn across the crash site, a Taliban spokesman said.

A senior U.S. administration official in Washington said it appeared the craft had been shot down. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because the crash is still being investigated.

“Their deaths are a reminder of the extraordinary sacrifices made by the men and women of our military and their families, including all who have served in Afghanistan,” President Barack Obama said in a statement, adding that his thoughts and prayers go out to the families of those who perished.

The U.S.-led coalition said in a statement that 30 American service members, a civilian interpreter and seven Afghan commandos were killed when their CH-47 Chinook crashed in the early hours Saturday. A current U.S. official and a former U.S. official said the Americans included 22 SEALs, three Air Force air controllers and a dog handler and his dog. The two spoke on condition of anonymity because military officials were still notifying the families of the dead.

Latrivia Nelson talks about her President, Barack Obama’

Chicago, IL on Election Nite - Barack Obama becomes the 44th US President

Chicago, IL on Election Nite - Barack Obama becomes the 44th US President

 
I am the most excited woman in the world right now! Well, me and about 3 million other people who have supported our President for at least 18-24 months during this election season! Tonight, we all made history. We have saved our country from another 4 years of complete financial oppression. We have realized Dr. King’s dream; we have made true Kennedy’s forecast; we have seen beyond our biases to elect the first African-American president. Raise the roof! I am so proud. So happy. I can tell my children and grandchildren about this night for the rest of my life. God Keep Him! And GOD BLESS AMERICA!
 

 

 

Latrivia Nelson Talks about Senator Obama & the Loss of His Grandmother

Sen. Obama speaking about the loss of his grandmother.

Sen. Obama speaking about the loss of his grandmother.

I felt an enormous since of hope and pride with the announcement of Senator Barack Obama as our Democratic Presidential Candidate, which I have never felt before in my entire life.  As a young woman, I have longed for a national leader whom I could embrace fully and who could create the change in the public that we need as it relates to African-Americans in leadership positions.  I also longed for a better platform and view of multi-racial children and interracial marriage.  Barack has created that international dialogue that America has been waiting for and motivated us to strive for more of ourselves.   In regards to his loss, many of us love him deeply and it is truly painful to watch him lose the matriarch of his family.   He has said that she was his motivation and his maverick for change, and we all owe her a great debt of gratitude for being so instrumental in raising such a prolific and visionary young man whom we all love to call Barack Obama.

Sincerely,

Latrivia S. Nelson, average citizen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barack Obama Airs 30-minute Ad that could change lives!

 

Tonight not only did the World Series end but the 30-minute ad for Barack Obama aired. It was such a wonderul plan, and it encompassed all of us as American citizens. I normally would take this opportunity to shove my opinions right down your throats leaving you no time to respond or think. But this time, I’ve only provided the YouTube link so that you may watch it and form your own opinions.
Enjoy!
 

 

 

Latrivia Nelson Thinks the Possibilities are Endless!

 

A few minutes for Barack's Speech

A few minutes for Barack

 

I’m only 28, but the involvement that I’ve seen in the communities around me in this presidential election has been unbelievable.  When I was in undergrad, a few moons ago, we had to beg people to come out to vote.  I remember that November it was cold and frustrating.  I walked around knocking on doors in late October and for the election night, I had the flu.  This year, I’ve not walked door-to-door, but I have given financially and participated in a few rallies. I’ve made phone calls and prayed that my candidate wins. 

 However, the news is reporting breaking numbers of people who are coming out to vote.  This year, change has occurred regardless of what anyone says.  People care.  They have issues that they want addressed.  Now, I won’t get into what those issues are, because I’ve given myself a time limit on this entry.  However, I will say that in four years, I pray to God that we have the same passion that we have right now for the election process.

 This has sparked a new thought for me.  We are showing our children that possibilities are endless for them.  If they truly believe in a issue, if they dare think that they can change a problem and provide a solution, they only need to put that first foot forward and begin to walk in that direction.  People will rally behind you, if you are determined and willing to stand and give a good fight.

I love Senator Obama and his lovely family for their courage and their determination.  When I asked my beautiful son what he wanted to be when he grew up, he didn’t say Batman or Hulk like normal.  He said, “I want to be President.”  He wants to be President! 

All across the US, there will be young men and women of all ethnic backgrounds and all religions who will start to dream beyond the glass ceiling.  They will start to think more of themselves then what at first some would have them think.  Young girls will want to be President of Anything and Everything, young men will consider themselves leaders.

This is a good change for all of us.  We are inspiring them, much like our parents and grandparents inspired us.  It’s a good feeling. 

 What do you feel America?

 

 

Published in: on October 29, 2008 at 10:26 pm  Comments (23)  
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